Biggest Challenges For The Internet Of Things

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While the Internet of Things has only been growing since it was first created, it has faced some challenges along the way and will continue to face challenges as long as it is in existence.

Security

In 2015 the amount of devices connected to the Internet of Things was around 6.5 billion. This number is only expected to grow as technologies advance. With such a large number of devices connected, the security concern is extremely high. Individuals and businesses have a great deal of confidential information stored on the cloud and if people don’t believe that their devices are protected on the IoT then they might choose not to buy new technologies and utilize them. This could significantly slow down the progress of technologies.

Bandwidth and power consumption

With 6.5 billion devices connected to the cloud (IoT), the amount of bandwidth capacity needed to send and store this information is great. Figuring out ways to constantly grow this network and ensure that everything continues to have a place of the cloud is a great challenge for the Internet of Things.

Sensing

Something that the Internet of Things needs to work on is ensuring that everything connected to the cloud is equipped with sensors to relay information to you when the device is facing a network connectivity problem.

Connectivity

The point of the Internet of Things is to ensure that devices all around the world are constantly connected to each other and to the cloud. This is only possible if the IoT is constantly available and never disrupted.

Adaptability

Technology is constantly changing. Trends change as does the need of the consumer. With these changes, the IoT needs to evolve and adapt in order to improve itself. If you look at where the Internet of Things was when it first started, you can tell that it has come a long way. It has expanded into many different fields such as transportation and agriculture. But it needs to ensure that it continues to grow and help out the consumer as much as possible,

The Internet of Things: Changing Urban Areas

Internet of Things Urban Areas

Right now, in 2016, more than half of the world’s population live in urban areas. By 2050 that number is expected to multiply so that two-thirds of us will live in cities. That means that by 2050 there will be 2.5 billion more people living in cities who need housing, employment and transportation. Imagine 2.5 billion people living in our cities right now.That would be a nightmare as we are already facing traffic, global warming, overcrowding, crime and many other issues. However, technology that is currently in the works will help the cities of the future better cope with this mass population increase.

Traffic lights

Currently, you may have to wait a really long time for a green light even if there are no cars in the other direction. That will all change. Video sensors are being embedded into traffic lights to adjust their greens and reds according to where the cars are. This is a huge improvement on two fronts. The first is that it will reduce congestion and unnecessary waiting times. The second is that it will reduce smog, since vehicles that are idling at red lights burn up to 17% of the fuel consumed in urban areas.

Parking

In Barcelona, they are already using sensors to help with parking. Sensors in spots relay information in real-time to drivers via an app to tell them which spots are available so they don’t have to drive around looking for something. While this is great, it requires drivers to be on their phone while they are driving which is dangerous. Frankly, this could be done more efficiently. Recently, Siemens gave a grant to a startup that is looking to build parking drones that could guide cars to available spots. This would reduce congestion a great deal, as up to 30% of congestion is caused by drivers that are roaming the streets searching for a place to park.

Designated lanes  

Right now many cities have designated bus or carpool lanes that are supposed to be reserved for these vehicles only. However, many people don’t abide by these rules. In Tel Aviv, they have installed sensors in hopes of stopping this problem. Sensors in the lanes designated for certain vehicles scan the license plate number of the vehicle and automatically charge the owners credit card at a rate that varies depending on how busy the road is.

Solar-powered garbage cans

In many urban areas garbage is a huge problem. It is just left out on the streets, sometimes overflowing and not picked up. In Philadelphia they have started to build something that is working to help resolve this issue. Big Bellies, as they call them, are solar powered garbage cans that crush waste and send a message to a dispatcher requesting a pickup when they are full. This will reduce the amount of overflowing garbage on the streets as well as lower the amount of times that garbage trucks need to make rounds to potentially empty garbages. Since implementing Big Bellies, which run for $4,000 apiece, Philly has been able to reduce the number of weekly garbage collecting shifts from 17 to just three. They have also saved $1 million on fuel, maintenance and labor costs in the past year alone.